The IoT enables significant and important innovative business models for the B2B market. The sectors are heterogeneous and multiple, they will be positively transformed by the advent of new technologies belonging to the Internet of Things.

In this article we want to propose a first and not exhaustive classification of sectors and under sectors that will be greatly optimized thanks to the integration of the following IoT enabling technologies: 5G or next-generation networks, AI, big data, edge computing and cloud, etc.

Smart vehicles

This sector includes all those vehicles whose functionality can be extended and improved to make the user experience even safer, useful and more efficient.

At the forefront are smart cars, then self-driving cars, connected to the 5G network, with advanced passenger assistance systems. It should be pointed out that hybrid and electric cars will cover the largest market in the coming years and therefore will be the most technological also from the IoT point of view.

Commercial, agricultural and construction vehicles including trucks and buses will also be self-driving and connected to the 5G network . Handling and control can be managed remotely by ad-hoc personnel in virtual reality or by increasingly advanced artificial intelligence.

Commercial and non-commercial aircraft, trains, ships and light electric vehicles (drones) will also suffer the evolutionary effect of IoT. The evolution is to ensure more efficient transport, including from the perspective of consumption and therefore costs, safer and faster.

The IoT also ensures the possibility to implement predictive maintenance, of considerable interest and importance because it allows to determine the condition of each individual object while the vehicle is operational and thus be able to reduce maintenance costs, increase spare parts availability, improve user satisfaction, and generate new gains.

Energy and Infrastructure

We live in a historical context of energy transformations, low oil prices, poor investment in the traditional energy industry, green policies, optimization and reduction of production, distribution and maintenance costs, but of large and increasing demand for energy. IoT plays a key role in national and international energy competitiveness.

Renewable energy generation is increasingly competitive by leveraging secure and fast (5G) sensor networks and connections for remote monitoring and control of parameters that can be analyzed through algorithms on the cloud. Energy transmission, distribution and storage can be further optimized, each element and under element will be connected to the Internet to exploit the enormous potential that the network offers.

Traditional energy industries, such as refineries, need a revamp to increase efficiency and contain the now unsustainable costs for the global market. Such a revamp can be carried out using wireless sensors for process monitoring and control. In a 5G perspective, wireless infrastructure provides ultra-low latency (1 ms), high coverage and speed, low power consumption, low installation and maintenance costs compared to wired networks. Not only monitoring and control, the system’s remote operation (virtual reality) aid systems also guarantee better results as a result of controlled and long-term investments.

All this today is feasible and necessary to be competitive in an increasingly challenging and heterogeneous economic environment.

 Infrastructures for the transport and storage of water or gas, cannot be monitored and controlled by systems that are now obsolete and out of every modern and innovative standard. We cannot afford to disperse a valuable commodity like that of water or have contaminations not properly controlled. To address these limits, there are considerable solutions that IoT can offer. Simply think that in many places you have to travel several kilometres to verify a leak in a pipeline or aqueduct.

Smart Cities

Our cities are characterised by a thousand-year history, they have considerable charm recognized throughout the world. If our cities were also more modern, efficient and liveable, the whole country could enjoy these further accolades. In many countries around the world, many cities are transforming by following IoT paradigms into smart cities.

Read our article to understand what are the key innovations of smart cities, we also included a useful network diagram to understand the composition of a possible infrastructure.

Tourism

Tourism is the spearhead of the made-in-Italy business. People from all over the world visit our country every year and remain fascinated by the so much beauty that surrounds us. This charm can be further enhanced by designing virtual realities (VRs) that allow tourists on the spot or remotely to appreciate the Italian experience even more.

5G networks, mobile wireless infrastructure for the IoT, will enable the delivery of many innovative services. In this way our historic palaces can be visited internally even if it is not possible to physically access, interactive maps will guide tourists for advanced and captivating experiences, people with motor disabilities can access non-accessible areas, advertising messages can be sent in a namezed and real-time manner, virtual groups of people they can travel together.

AUTOMIC

The value of a building can greatly increase by installing IoT devices. It is also known that new generations need advanced technologies, they introduce an added value to the real value of the property and in the case of offices or co-working spaces attract the best talents. Essential accessories that improve quality of life, improve performance, optimize time and reduce management costs. In addition, multiple buildings can be connected to each other and managed through a single cloud platform.

The IoT investment, also in this case, is highly sustainable and also subject to tax deductions. A classic example is the management of indoor and outdoor lighting remotely automatically, there will be no more illuminated rooms but no people. Access control can be done intelligently, such as assigning a task in Slack will enable access to a specific zone.

The rental mode will also change, the interior of a building can be controlled remotely and it will be the IoT building itself that will contact who is duty to solve a problem. There will be no more waste of energy, gas leaks or flooding will be reset. Timely received information, automatic actions dictated by cloud platforms, but also predictive maintenance of elevators, are just some of the solutions for sometimes managing complex of buildings.

Healthcare

The human body is a complex, sometimes fragile and nonlinear system. New scientific discoveries and cures for many diseases have allowed over time to improve and extend the life of man.

Today the human body can be further monitored and advanced real time care can be carried out thanks to the Internet of Things. Considering that our cities will be covered by a 5G infrastructure, which will allow high data exchange rates and low latency, our body will be able to contain sensors that will send data to the cloud through the 5G network that will provide advanced real-time analysis .

It will be possible to immediately predict a heart attack, the high presence of glucose in the blood, genetic mutations, strokes or symptoms of rare diseases. In doing so the intervention can be timely to contain potential permanent damage. Doctors and nurses equipped with virtual or augmented reality systems will also be able to act remotely by interfacing with people who may be on site.

Hospital environments can also be optimized, allowing patient management directly, but also drug delivery, beds, virtual operating theatres and robotic, connected ambulances and patient follow-up upon return home after hospitalization.

We will go into detail in the next articles, the aspects to be dealt with are many. At the moment, you can find various details by analyzing this article!

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