The fundamental model of a Smart city Tourism infrastructure is based on data collected from sensors and human actions. The sensor requires a network with high data processing capability. A capability capable of being powered by cloud computing, and, finally, a service that adapts to tourist needs.
Tourism’s presence in the Internet of Things has emerged as a highly technological prerequisite. Smart tourism is being accepted and implemented by an increasing number of people and government.
The influence of smart technologies in the tourism sector will be immense with the emergence Internet of Things. With 5G integration, there have been an increasing number of people, especially young people moving intelligently across the IoT.
New Smart City Tourism Model
In the new smart tourism model, integrating tourism-related innovations would improve the competitiveness of tourist destinations.
The internet of things seeks to link ordinary objects by embedding internet-connected sensors within them and transmitting their data online.
Smart technology that makes use of IoT data opens up new possibilities for the travel and hospitality industries. Smart innovation provides access to connectivity and a range of information such as transportation, entertainment, tours, shopping, and hotels.
Social networking, content marketing, and portable IoT systems will all need to be integrated into IoT big data tourism applications. It enables innovative and efficient technologies to take advantage of new forms of real-time data and provide improved tourism services.
Cities and tourist organisations are making a concerted effort to invest extensively in intelligence systems’ capabilities. The competitiveness of a city’s tourist destinations is heavily reliant on information technology.
It’s now evident that the 21st century is approaching a digital peak. Smart city convergence will begin to capture the world’s interest in terms of “Smart Destinations”.
IoT sensors have taken a central role in this deployment information, analysis can rapidly be acquired. Context-related data such as location, environmental conditions, and meteorological information.
Tourists may obtain useful information from sensor-equipped devices. Sophisticated IoT sensors located in devices in the environment offer information and awareness about wide range of complex sensory systems. This detail could provide more transit options or directions to the closest hotel, restaurant, or tourist attraction.
The idea of smart tourism cities and associated initiatives to enhance eco-friendly growth pathways is gaining traction. A smart tourism strengthens a city to provide an intelligent city space for tourists in Troubled cities.
When travelling or going a tourist vacation, devices are connected to other network resources thereby delivering real-time data. As a result, these connected devices are a perfect source of data for Smart Cities.
5G Internet portal linked to current network and the internet could become a big element in exposing smart tourism potential. Giant screens are quickly becoming the latest smart tourist information trend providing personalised content to each individual.
The 5G technological revolution has increased networking speed and contributed to virtual assistants and real-time image recognition technologies.
Integration with IoT opens the possibility of connecting up to a million devices per square kilometre. Several IoT devices can be integrated, resulting in a much more personalised tourism experience.
The use of Open-data and the Digitisation of Smart Tourism Destinations
A smart tourist attraction centre can now boast of Wi-Fi connectivity both indoors and outdoors. This is particularly found in tourist-heavy areas as data sources are an important aspect of smart city tourism.
There are online data outlets that provide information about tourism destinations, including educational, sporting, and wildlife-related destinations. This information is provided by highly experienced workers who, in many cases, lack the relevant technological skills.
Tourism-oriented businesses specialise in various fields such as lodging, transportation, catering, and ancillary services. They are typically much more digitalised, but the infrastructure is fragmented, making integration impossible.
The digitalisation of open data would make smart tourism much more accessible to the populace. Also, integrating public and private data channels and providing visitors with access to information that will affect their decision-making process.
Smart City Tourism and Sustainability
Smart tourism has enormous potential largely because of these reasons;
- The proliferation of new services would allow for greater depersonalisation and will aid in the reduction of overcrowding.
- The use of proprietary urban services in Smart Cities would promote energy savings and increase utility consumption patterns.
- Smart tourism are being exported to smaller tourist cities, increasing rural population while also providing new facilities and job opportunities.
- Smart tourism, resource optimisation, and sustainable growth have resulted in the ground-breaking technology. This improve the quality of life in good governance and the tourism industry.
- The value of the Internet of Things (IoT) for tourism is to provide open and smooth connectivity in tourist destinations. Also, participating in the growth of Big Data and Smart Cities.
- Smart tourism uses data to provide knowledge about people and locations. Improved people’s connectivity to increase productivity, creativity, and quality of life through.
The 6As of popular destinations (Attraction, Accessibility, Amenities, Availability, Activities, and Ancillaries) should depend on interaction and real-time data. Smart tourism can be built on smart city concepts because it enhances the urban quality of life . It also enhances the destination’s quality and enjoyment based on value generated, shared, and consumed.
It is an important factor in this modern age to build successful smart tourism destinations to improve human satisfaction. Essential smart data components for this include knowledge accuracy, source reputation, interactivity, and usability.
Tourism and the Internet of Things
Given the pervasiveness of mobile devices in people’s lives, social crowdsensing can help tourists learn about a destination’s favourite activities.
This social crowdsensing will provide interactive input with other tourists in various locations. This will show the best places to be at a certain moment, local weather forecasts, and predicted travel time.
Knowledge in tourism will educate people about the weather, alternate routes, parking space, and the best public transportation option.
Smart tourism can assist local businesses in increasing visibility by educating relevant visitors about their sites, facilities, and popularity.
Tourist destinations that are only popular locally can grow their market share and draw more tourists. IoT will help make cities more appealing to residents and tourists alike.
Allowing consumers to gain easy access to utilities and data Tourism is a valuable and necessary service for the people. It is one of the economic sectors that can benefit from the use of smart technology.
Marketing Smart Tourist Attractions
There is no iota of doubt, smart technology will play a crucial role in marketing tourist attractions. Disseminating information, promoting hospitality, and assisting tourist before and during their stay.
The main thing is to provide the visitor with an enjoyable experience. For this to happen, the destination must be innovative, appealing, and worthy of eliciting emotions. The visitor would not pick a destination solely for its landmarks, spectacular scenery, history, or gastronomy.
All of this is important, but today’s tourist wants to be surprised by the unknown destination. Tourists want to know what to do, where to go, and how to get there using technology. In this way, technology incorporates the world perspective into the destination. The extensive application of technology will mostly dictate travel dynamics in the coming years. This is how knowledge access appears as one of the most important competition criteria for tourism organisations.
A smart tourism destination is described as one that is based on technological capabilities. These capabilities ensures the sustainable growth of tourist areas, connectivity to the rest of the world. This encourages contact with visitors, increasing the quality of the experience in the destination and enhancing quality of life.
A smart tourism destination should incorporate technological growth, develop innovation practises, incorporate capacity building, digital environments, and information management.
Provide resources to these activities will allow for technology transfer and knowledge sharing.
Evidence from IoT-related Touristic Apps
There are many IoT solutions available for the tourism industry. Through combining physical and digital infrastructures, the Internet of Things (IoT) will boost the generation of high-tech tourist communities. Below are examples of IoT devices;
which enables visitors to find information about areas of interest, landmarks, accommodations, and assistance on a smart map
TreSight is another IoT wearable technology bracelet that uses IoT and big data analytics for Smart Tourism. The device provides information such as location availability, queue presence, and opening and closing hours.
Wearable devices such as smartwatches and bracelets allow users to communicate with their surroundings and influence tourist behaviour.
Topographic 3D interface
3D topographic devices also aid in the integration of Smart Tourism management systems. This system deploys wearable and sink nodes in leisure parks. It also aid in capturing data from tourists’ wearable devices to provide services such as landscape connectivity and physiological data.
Tourists need fast, accurate, dependable information which can be provided by integrating 5G networks and IoT into the tourism industry.
Smart IoT tourism systems can collaborate with visitors, allowing them to participate and learn more intelligently as a group.
A fun trip for each tourist entails minimising delays and unexpected disappointments by understanding precise moments of attraction. IoT apps have also begun to make travel more comfortable and personalised. IoT-based services can help tourists make smarter decisions by providing them with more appropriate, intelligent, and personalised content.